From America to Europe, many countries are suffering from severe heat and drought. In Canada and America, states including Alaska, California are facing severe heat. Due to the heat, forest fires have broken many records this year. This year, nearly 7 lakh acres of land have been covered by wildfires in Arizona and Southern California.
11 crore people are facing scorching heat due to the fire. The 900-acre area was destroyed on Monday itself. In many areas of Canada along with America, the mercury has crossed 35 degrees, which is a record in the month of July. Here, the heat wave continues in Europe. Spain and Portugal are facing the hottest summer. A research revealed that for the first time in 1200 years, both countries have seen such a severe drought.
Declaration of emergency in Italy, 85% reduction in water in the river with the longest waterway
On the other hand, the Italian government has declared a state of emergency to deal with the situation of heatwave and severe drought that has been going on for a long time. The water in the Po River, Italy’s longest waterway, has dropped 85% below normal water levels. Emergency in the country can remain in force for one year.
Grain production reduced due
to heat, the direct effect of heat has been on agriculture. Food production in Spain’s main state of Iberian has come down to a quarter. Tourist activities are also at the lowest level in this century. Similarly, in many Scandinavian countries including Norway, the heat has increased the problem.
Australia’s pain: This time’s floods from 2021,
Australia’s largest state, New South Wales is devastated by floods. In the last four days in this month, there has been 20 cm of rain. Sydney, the capital of New South Wales, and many surrounding areas are submerged after four days of heavy rain.
Thousands of lives were affected. On Monday, 5300 people appealed to the rescue team for help. Drivers were stuck in cars and trucks at many places due to the floods. This flood has also left behind the floods in March last year.
250 years of severe drought in one third of Europe
Europe is currently facing the worst drought. A third of Europe, including Germany, France, the Czech Republic, is battling it. The period from 2018 to 2020 was the worst in terms of drought in 250 years. In these 33 months, the average temperature in the air was recorded 2.8 degrees more.
This time proved to be the hottest and havoc in the data recorded from 1766. The land dried up due to high temperatures and low rainfall.